'English'에 해당되는 글 23건

  1. 2013.07.16 The Forgotten Victory - Ethiopia (5)
  2. 2013.07.11 The Forgotten Victory - Greece
  3. 2013.07.10 The Forgotten Victory - South Korea (43)

The Forgotten Victory - Ethiopia

English 2013.07.16 15:20

 

An invincible myth of

'Kagnew battalion' with 253 battles

  Ethiopia

Haile Selassie, Emperor of Ethiopia, granted a name called 'Kagnew' to dispatched troops, which were sent out to help ROK, on April 1951. The Kagnew battalion did not have only two aspects during the Korean War; one is its 'defeat', and the other is 'being a POW'. The battalion won all 253 battles regardless of their sizes, and its soldiers were true warriors of warriors thinking rather prefer dying than be shameful for being surrendered then being POWs.

 

Ethiopia were invaded by Italy on December 1935. Selassie, Emperor of Ethiopia, asked for help to global society, but no one came for its aid. Although Ethiopian soldiers fought courageously against invaders, they had no other choice but to lost their nation after 270,000 Ethiopians were dead due to gas attacks and etc. Selassie, Emperor of Ethiopia, could take back its nation in 1941.

 

When the Selassie Emperior received a support request from UN Secretary General, he remembered sorrow of not being helped; he announced its will aggressively to send out its troops to ROK, where was in urgent crisis, saying "other nations should help the nation being unrighteously invaded."

Ethiopia dispatched land force with a force of a battalion, and approximately 6,000 man-days, including replacement force, put their steps in ROK. 'Kagnew', the name the Emperor granted to the battalion, has its meaning of 'not being defeated', 'destroy the enemy' in Ethiopian. Vikila Abebe-be known as the legendary marathoner later in global history-was a member of Kagnew battalion that visited ROK.

 

Kagnew battalion arrived at Busan on May 6 1951. Although the battalion went through intensive training in its own nation, where has similar topology with ROK, the battalion pulled its fighting strength into shape with basic education from US drill instructors, such as firearm manipulation, marksmanship, strategy, and etc.

 

Kagnew battalion increased its fame with its indomitable fighting spirit at several battles among 253 battles: battle near Samheon on Aug. 1951, Smagak highland battle on Dec. 1952, and YorkUncle highland battle on May 1953. Especially, the battalion received ROK government's citation for winning at YorkUncle highland battle, staring the armistice in the face.

During the Korean War, Kagnew battalion, knew nothing of fear and defeat, suffered human losses of 657 in total: 121 dead, 536 injured.

However, Ethiopian Korean War veterans suffered hardships as they returned back to their nation after the Korean War ended. Military authorities ousted Selassie, Emperor of Ethiopia, who helped ROK, by staging a coup d'tat, and established a communist military dictatorial government. Communist regime degraded Ethiopia to a nation full of poverty and diseases, once a powerful nation in Africa at the time, and oppressed war veterans who fought against Communists in order to protect ROK's liberty and peace. Later, democratic government was re-established, but Ehtiopian Korean War veterans' postulate of life needs aids even now.

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  1. Go to Silva Lining Forestry 2014.02.13 00:18 신고  댓글주소  수정/삭제  댓글쓰기

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    요. 이번 국군의날 행사에 꼭 아이들과 같이 가고 싶었는데 그만 시일지 지나 버렸네요... 부디 초대권좀 주십시요..우리 아이들에게 자랑스런 우리 대한민국 국인의 자랑스런 모습을 보여주고 싶습니다. 아이들도 무척 좋아할 겁니다. 부탁합니다. 그리고 홈페이지 오픈 정말 축하 합니다... 정말 감사합니다.

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    요. 이번 국군의날 행사에 꼭 아이들과 같이 가고 싶었는데 그만 시일지 지나 버렸네요... 부디 초대권좀 주십시요..우리 아이들에게 자랑스런 우리 대한민국 국인의 자랑스런 모습을 보여주고

The Forgotten Victory - Greece

English 2013.07.11 17:53

Fierce fights till just before the armistice even in inducement of withdrawal

Greece

 

Greece was asked by UN for RFA to ROK at the point of time when one year had not been passed from the end of its civil war. Despite of having hard conditions within its nation and being under threats of nearby nations being communized, Greece helped ROK by sending out a force of 4,992 man-days strength and 7 transport plane squadrons. Greek AmryAir Force received ROKUS presidential unit citation several times for their bravery becoming a model to other UN forces.

 

At the point of time when the Korean War occurred in 1950, Greece was very similar in many ways with ROK. In the period of the World War II, Greece was persecuted severely under German Nacht occupation. Also, more than 50,000 people lost their lives due to two desperate civil wars against Communists, occurred with its independence, in 1944. Moreover, 500,000 Greek citizens experienced the tragedy of fratricidal war, having no choice but to live as refugees.

 

On around December 1949, Greece rooted out Communists within its nation who received protection from USSR. On July 1950 when its internal disturbance is not healed, Greece, where received UN's request, decided to dispatch its ArmyAir Force willingly to help ROK; not only current situation but also natural environments such as its latitude and peninsula state with three sides siding the sea are similar with ROK.

 

Greek force arrived at Busan on December 9 1950, and headed toward front lines quickly in order to support UN forces, being pulled back till the 38th parallel due to Communist Chinese army's attacks.

 

Greek battalions underwent main fights: battles near Icheon, Hongcheon-Chuncheon-Hwacheon advance battle, 313 highland battle in 1951, and Nori highland battle in 1952, and 420 highland battle, battles near northern area of Jeongryeong in 1953, and etc.

 

The Greek battalions won their fame for bravery by fighting offensively and aggressively in battles at front lines. Especially, they attained honor of receiving ROKUS presidential unit citation two times for their exploits of wars at 313 highland battle and 420 highland battle; they completed its mission with an indomitable will despite of suffering 105 casualties at offensive and defensive battle for 3 days at 313 highland battle, and repelled Chinese army with a force of regiment by shooting 500 enemies dead with only a force of a company at 420 highland battle. Also, the Greek battalion showed its sense of responsibility of defending the assigned highland by fighting fiercely against Communist Chinese army regardless of withdrawal inducement of US 15th regiment commander, aimed to reduce its damages at battles, near northern area of Jeongryeong, continued till July 26 1953 just before the armistice. Thanks to this activity, Seungahm highland remains as ROK territory.

 

Greek Air Force 13th transport squadron executed its mission with remarkable aviation techniques and sense of duty in spite of poor environments such as bad weather conditions and poor runways, and enemy's heavy antiaircraft attacks. Also, the squadron carried necessary supplies by air to US MARDIV utilizing basic runways, and performed exploits of evacuating 600 casualties at Jangjinho battle. Greek 13th transport squadron received a presidential unit citation from ROK government on December 1953; the Greek squadron lost countless transport planes and their crews by participating bravely in operations despite of bad weather conditions.

 

Greek force showed its courage and spirit of sacrifice for ROK during the war. Unfortunately, 647 soldiers in total shed blood for ROK during the war: 188 dead, 459 injured and etc.

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The Forgotten Victory - South Korea

English 2013.07.10 14:21

'Flying Cheetah' protected the sky in ROK

South Africa

 

The Republic of South Africa is located in the southermost of Africa; it takes 18 hours of flying nowadays to arrive the distant nation if departed from Korea. When the Korean War occurred, SA seek various plans for support, but had many difficulties due to distance. Thus, SA made a decision to dispatch its Air Force.

 

"There was an air battle between our Mustang fighters and enemy's MIGs. Although one of our aircraft were brought down by MIG's attack, our air force squadron shoot down one enemy MIG by turning maneuver while I was inducing the enemies."

 

Joe Jubert(87) Wong, a SA war veteran in the Korean War, spoke reminiscently as above. At a battle occurred on March 20 1952, eight F-51s of SA 2nd combat aviation corps left one-on-one war record undergoing air battles against 5 enemy MIG-15s, aiming one after the other from in and out of the clouds. In addition to repulsion of the enemy by maneuvering in perfect order on its first encounter with enemy's MIG on July 1951, this served as a momentum to spread confidence, possible to suppress jet fighters with propeller planes, amongst UN Air Force.

 

South African war history of participation in the Korean War can be thought as exploits of 2nd combat aviation corps, being called 'Flying Cheetah'. The 2nd combat aviation corps-won its fame for bravery at front lines in Africa, the Middle East, and Italy during the World War II-were consisted of elite pilots who have abundant practical experiences.

 

SA decided to dispatch one combat aviation corps with a force of 1,300 soldiers in response of request to participate from UN, and firstly sent an advance unit consisted of four Mustang fighters and pilots, and support personnels. They arrived at Sooyeong airfield on November 16, 1950.

 

The advance unit carried out its mission to attack North Korean army assembly places, field supply points, and supply vehicles with US 18th bombardment Air Force group and 12th fighter-bomber squadron for about one month before the main force arrive. In this period, the squadron had accidents of losing two fighting planes in landing process due to poor conditions at Pyeongyang base, and, again, lost another jet by getting hit from fragments, destroyed during the mission. In spite of such circumstances, the squadron performed a significant exploit on blocking Communist Chinese army from advancing to the South; the squadron exploited outstanding achievements-destroying 57 buildings, 15 trucks, 1 railroad facility and etc by making 20 sorties for a day on December 20.

 

The squadron moved to Jinhae base at the end of December, and joined with 2nd combat aviation battalion. Then, the squadron became possible to be in charge of roles independent combat aviation battalion take. Later, the troop gave tremendous damage to its enemy by CAS regarding land forces at main battle fields: highland of punchball and blood, highland of Danjang, triangle area of steel, and etc. Also, on January 1953, F-86 jet was put in and was contended for supremacy with MIG.

 

'Flying Cheetah's exploited war achievements by executing various missions during the war; they shoot 3,000 enemies dead, destroyed 46 bridges, 472 railroads, 615 vehicles, and 18 tanks. However, SAAF lost 34 soldiers in the process of protecting liberty of ROK.

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