'English'에 해당되는 글 23건

  1. 2013.07.10 The Forgotten Victory - Australia (7)
  2. 2013.07.09 The Forgotten Victory - Britain
  3. 2013.07.09 The Forgotten Victory - Thailand

The Forgotten Victory - Australia

English 2013.07.10 14:15

 

 

 

Combat veterans shown its skills and strong fighting strength

  Australia

 

Australia is one of the four nations where sent out all ArmyNavyAir Force during the Korean War. Australian forces fought for ROK: 3 army infantry battalions of 2,282 soldiers, Naval force consisted of one aircraft carriertwo destroyersone Frigit, and Air Force consisted of one combat aviation corpsone transport plane squadron. Australian force, especially consisted of war veterans participated in the World War II, presented its skills and strong military strength in various lines. 

 

 

The Australian government decided to participate in the Korean War in June 30 1950. The government called an emergency meeting for both houses of Congress regarding military aid measure for ROK, and passed the resolution unanimously.

 

At the same time the decision to participate in the war was made, two naval warships and one Air Force squadron, staying in Hongkong and Japan, moved to join with US force. In response to UN Secretary General's request to send out land force on July 10, Australia began to recruit volunteers from early August in order to gather enough soldiers to initiate a brigade. However, as war situations in early period were being aggravated minute by minute, Australia quickly initiated 3rd battalion by members of 76th infantry battalion-staying as occupational force in Japan-and sent out to Busan.

 

As first squad of its land force arrived at Busan on Sept. 27, Australia became the second nation to dispatch all ArmyNavyAir Force, following US.

 

Australian 3rd battalion, strength of 960 soldiers, rended the skies with fighting spirit and fightingstrength because the battalion was mainly consisted of volunteers, full of will to participate in the war, selected among those who have abundant combat experience gained in the World War II. With transference of the 3rd battalion, British 27th brigade not only changed its name to 27th brigade of the Commonwealth but also will to fight was highly elevated as war veterans joined.

 

Australian force had its first encounter with the enemy at Mt. Hwajang, located northeastern of Gaesong, on December 10, when UN forces began advance to the North operation. The 3rd battalion defeated North Korean troops via small-scale fights and took 3 enemies captive, and then advanced to Sariwon on 17th. In the night, at Sariwon, both British and North Korean army were terrified out of their senses after they understood their situation; both British army and North Korean army mistook each other for their allies and lowered their guards toward each other. Under such chaos, Australian force found out North Korean troops quickly escaping to North, and lost enemies' fighting spirit by making thundering noise moving tanks after inducing the enemy to come close to forward position. Soon after, Australian troops achieved an incredible bloodless victory capturing 1,982 POWs via psychological warfare recommending surrender.

 

Later, Australian force also fought hand-to-hand against its enemy, making the enemy's blood run cold, at Yeongyou battle. The Australian force performed a significant contribution at battles: Jeongju advance battle, Bakcheon battle, Jukdunri battle, Mt. Maryang battle, and etc. Especially, Australian army received a US presidential unit citation credited for repelling Communist Chinese army's advances, like raging billows, several times and giving tremendous damages to the enemy at Jukdunri battle; the battle defended Gapyeong till 24th standing against Chinese force's series of attacks on April started on April 22 1951. Until now, Royal Australian 3rd battalion, having its nickname 'Gapyeong battalion', fierce battles and victories of the period.

 

Australian navy performed significant exploits: maritime patrol with destroyers and Frigits as the center of 'Sydney' carrier, loaded with 3 aviation battalions, and executing various missions such as naval blockade and shelling, landing operations and etc. Its Air Force supported land force with CAS. In later phase of the war, Australian Air Force put Britain-made Meteor jets into action to fight against enemy's MIG jet fighters, and shoot down two MIGs. Moreover, the Australian government yielded F-51 to ROKAF on November 1952.

 

During the Korean War, Australian force shed their precious blood for Korea losing 1,538 soldiers in total: 339 dead, 1,216 injured, 28 POWs, and etc.

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The Forgotten Victory - Britain

English 2013.07.09 17:47

Support approximately 14,000 soldiers 17 ships of aircraft carrier and etc.

  Britain

 

"We urge UN members to provide necessary aids to repel an armed aggression in ROK and to recover global peace and safety in the region." In respond to UN military immediate participation of war resolution on June 28 1950, 63 nations in the world came forward to help Korea suffering from its difficulties due to North Korean unlawful invasion of South, called the Korean War. On the verge of 60th anniversary of the armistice, we will look into activities nations made in 22 rounds; many nations shed their bloods over an unfamiliar foreign country: 16 combat support nations, 5 nations to support for medical treatment, 39 nations for material support, 3 nations expressed their intention to support.

 

"Defended against surging Communist Chinese army by firing mortars regardless of its gun barrels becoming hot. I survived, but there would be no peace and prosperity of current Korea if it were not for sacrifices my comrades made by losing their own lives."

 

Thomas David Hogg(87), the chairman of war veterans council of the Commonwealth, spoke reminiscently on last April while he revisited Korea for a ceremony for UN war veterans held by the ministry of patriots and veterans affairs. He participated in Imjin River battle, the most fierce battle the Commonwealth army underwent during the Korean War.

 

 

Britain sent out second largest forces in number to help ROK when Korea was under urgent crisis: 14,198 soldiers, 17 naval vessels including aircraft carriers, and etc. As a permanent member of the UN Security council, Britain took an important role in passing the resolution by actively supporting resolutions US suggested, 'stop request on an act of Communists' invasion' and 'military aid for ROK', British force arrived in Busan with warm welcome of Korean citizens on August 29 1950, a few days before North Korean attacks on September began. Starting from Nakdong River defensive line battle, British army fought at fierce battles at different places during the war in order to protect Korean liberty: JeongjuBakcheon battle, Sindunri battle, Imjin River battle, Hooke highland battle and etc.

 

 

Especially on April 1951, Imjin River battle, carried out by British army near Seolmari, frustrated Chinese army's series of attacks and contributed on defending Seoul against losing again.

 

British 29th brigade, consisted of 5 battalions named Gloster, Alster, Pusiliar, Belgie, and Irish, fought against 3 Chinese divisions from trying to breach via Jeoksung and Seolmari, and Dongducheon region. Military strength of Communist Chinese army was more than 40,000 soldiers, and the number was nearly tenth of the number of British military strength. British 29th brigade fought courageously despite of being surrounded by Communist army; Gloster battalion, especially, repelled Communist Chinese army several times at Seolmari highland. As British force blocked the enemy's advance for 3 days around Imjin River, main forces of the alliance bought time to safely withdrew and establish a line of defense in Northern area of the capital.

 

 

However, the 29th brigade lost one third of its total military strength; everyone else either died in battles or were taken prisoners except 67 survivors, who successfully withdrew by breaking through the siege, among 652 members of Gloster battalion. A foothold to protect Seoul could be gained exchanging with British soldiers' lives. Due to such fierce battles, 1,078 soldiers of British army died in battles, 2,674 were injured, and 979 were taken captive to the enemy during the Korean War.

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The Forgotten Victory - Thailand

English 2013.07.09 17:42

 

Inborn with bravery, 'The Little Tiger'

Thailand

 

Korea were liberated from Japanese Imperialism on August 15 1945, the thrilling day for Korea. Thailand recovered its independence from Japanese Imperialism on the same day. Despite of unsettled situation within its country, Thailand helped ROK dispatching all ArmyNavyAir Force even in small scale.

 

RTAF was known for 'The Little Tiger' among UN forces due to its unique bravery during the Korean War. UN requested Thailand to send out its force. In response to the request, Thailand nominated Pisit Dispongsa-Diskul major general, the Thai crown prince, to commander of the expeditionary force, and dispatched infantry battalion of 2,274 soldiers, 7 Navy Frigits, a transport ship, a transport plane squadron to Korea.

 

Thai land force and medical corps of the Red Cross put in at Busan on Nov. 7, 1950. Splendid distinguished military achievements were evident at battles in Yuldong area, Porkchop highland battle, and Sadong battle.

Thai battalion was assigned under US 1st cavalry division at end of July 1951, and underwent scouting skirmishes in Yuldong area as defending Yeoncheon. On August 18, the Thai battalion took surprise attack first on Communist Chinese army's assembly area, shoot countless Communist soldiers dead, and destroyed their supplies. Also, the battalion exploited its military achievements by giving tremendous human losses by taking surprise attack on assembly area of enemy platoons, and etc. The battalion carried out scouting skirmishes continuously till the early September, and made a significant contribution on maintaining allies' MLR.

 

Porkchop highland battle, taken its place from November 1952, werved as a momentum for imprinting the fear of 'The Little Tiger' into both enemies and allies. Thai battalion took charge of defending Porkchop highland, where fierce battles were going on. The battalion also succeeded in repelling all 3 series of attacks done by Chinese army and defending its assigned position. The Thai battalion won its fame for bravery at various highland battles by repelling bloody battles-aggravated to hand-to-hand fights-against Chinese force which took its advantage of overwhelming number.

 

Thai Navy mainly carried out escort mission of LMSR including oil tankers, and participated in enemies' shore batteries destroy operation around June 1951. In this operation, Thai Navy Bangpagong Frigit took an important and dangerous role in inducing enemies' artillery shootings near seashore.

 

Under converging fire of enemy shore batteries, Bangpagong Frigit made a military achievement by destroying many shore batteries, firing heavily against them joined with UN Navy.

 

Activities of Thai Air Force, consisted of three C-47 transport planes, became a great help to UN force operations. Especially, Thai C-47 transport planes were not only equipped with sickbeds and medical care facilities but also in charge of emergency transportation mission because their size was apt for poor airfield conditions of Korea. They transported wounded soldiers of front lines to rear area and were also responsible for evacuation of the seriously wounded in Japan needing longterm treatment. Till the end of the war, Thai Air Force made a significant contribution on emergency supplies transportation and others by utilizing its advantage, having small transport planes.

 

Thai force suffered numerous casualties during the Korean War: 129 dead including 4 navies, 1,139 injured, 5 missing, and no POW.

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