'English'에 해당되는 글 23건

  1. 2013.07.08 The Forgotten Victory - Netherlands (4)
  2. 2013.07.08 The Forgotten Victory - Turkey (4)
  3. 2013.07.05 The Forgotten Victory - Philippines (3)

The Forgotten Victory - Netherlands

English 2013.07.08 17:13

Dispatch 819 soldiers Fight as for my homeland

Netherlands

 

Netherlandish participation history of the Korean War can be summed up with only 2 words: desperate struggle. Netherlands dispatched one infantry battalion of 819 soldiers and one Navy destroyer into the Korean War. Two thirds of them, equal to 548 soldiers, either died or injured and went missing. This is the evidence that Netherlandish army fought with ROKA at front lines of fierce battles, bleeding and jeopardizing their lives.

 

Netherlandish participation of the war is special in its meaning because the participation was done by citizens not by its government. At the time when UN decided on military aid to Korea, Netherlandish army was at a tough state for dispatch. In spite of not enough troops available, Netherlands dispatched one destroyer on July 16 1950 as its land force were staying in Indonesia.

 

Although the UN Secretary General requested land force for dispatch at the time, Netherlandish government expressed its difficult circumstances to dispatch. It was its citizens who claimed to help Korea despite of such circumstances. Under a situation that Netherlandish press and volunteering soldiers urged the government for dispatch, '625 volunteering soldiers ad hoc committee' was formed on Aug. 10, and Netherlandish government decided to dispatch its ground force consisted of one army company and one maritime corps squadron due to its strong demand.

 

1,217 soldiers in total volunteered for official recruitment, started on Aug. 11. Netherlandish battalion were initiated on Sept. 9 consisted of carefully selected soldiers excluding the elders, people who failed the physical examination, people who had not fulfilled military duty; the battalion arrived in Korea on Nov. 23 after they went through training and preparation period.

 

By the time when Netherlandish battalion arrived, current war situation was not favorable for ROK and its alliances. UN forces-thought Korea unification was about to be achieved by advancing to Korea and Manchuria border-were retreating back to the 38th parallel line due to Communist Chinese army's unexpected intervention.

 

Netherlandish battalion, assigned under US 2nd division 38th regiment, had its first battle against North Korean army near HoeingSeong on Jan. 3 1951. After the battalion moved to support re-counterattack operation of UN forces, the battalion faced its first critical situation on Feb. 11 as Chinese army started its attack on Feb; Chinese army, disguised themselves as ROKA, took surprise attack on the headquarters of a battalion while the Netherlandish battalion were covering ROKA and US army withdrawal. On the process, numerous important executives lost their lives including battalion commander Ouden Ltc. Despite of such losses, the battalion made a significant contribution on successful withdrawal of ROKA and US army by its soldiers fighting courageously.

 

In spite of great suffering on command group, the Netherlandish battalion had no choice but to continuously participate in battles without enough realign opportunity due to difficult war circumstances. It blocked Chienese army's attacks on Feb by frustrating Chinese army's advance into the rear; it had battles, serving as a momentum of blocking the attacks, such as Mt. Gari, Inje, Mt. Daewoo, Beol highland, and Mukgokri battles. Netherlandish land forces fought jeopardizing their lives at the very front lines of bloody battles from the time when Communist Chinese army intervened to when the Frontline battle took its place.

 

During the war, Netherlands suffered tremendous human losses: 117 land forces and 2 marines dead, 463 soldiers injured, and 3 missing, and one POW.

 

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The Forgotten Victory - Turkey

English 2013.07.08 16:44

 

 

Blood brother bonded with sacrificial battles

Turkey

 

Turkey, the nation well-known to us by 'blood brother', let 3 army brigades, strength of 5,500 soldiers, carried out their missions on annual shifts during the Korean War. By the time the armistice agreement was signed, if its 4th brigade, on its way to Korea, was included in counting, Turkish soldiers took over 20,000 man-days; they came all the way to fight for Korean liberty and peace.

 

It is known that there are two reasons for calling Turkey and ROK 'Blood brother'. First reason is that there had been friendly relations with DolGeoul, assumed as ancestors of Turkish race, and Goguryeo, assumed as ancestors of ROK race. Second reasons is that Turkey sent out second largest troops in term of man-days to ROK, following US, during the Korean War.

 

Although there are different views on its first reason as a result of its specific historical research, a clear fact in this modern era, participation in the Korean War, lacks for nothing from ROK calling Turkey 'Blood brother'. As UN Secretary General requested Turkey to send out its troops in the middle of July 1950, Turkey initiated 1st brigade, capable of independent warfighting, and dispatched to Korea dividing into 3 echelons; the 1st brigade was consisted mainly of infantry and artillery and also included engineering, transportation, ordnance, communication, medical service units. They arrived in Busan on Dec. 17 1950 when the victory seemed imminent for both UN forces and ROK.

 

 

Turkish army had only fought in rear area participating in such red guerrillas suppression operation; it was after Gunwoori battle taken its place at the end of November that Turkish troops began to fight in large-scale battles. At the time, UN forces was going through tough time due to Communist Chinese army's sudden intervention. As for the same, Turkish troops had no other choice but to fall back in a situation, which whole lines were collapsing, despite of making a strong stand against series of attacks by Chinese army. On the process of chaotic retrieval, Turkish army suffered tremendous casualties, and its military strength of brigade was disrupted, and it was also disgraced.

 

However, as Turkish army completed its realignment at 37th parallel line, it did not only regain its honor by taking 151 highland-Chinese army established strong defense position-by fierce hand-to-hand fight but also became an example of boosting UN forces' morale via Keumyangjang battle.

 

On April of the same year, Turkish troops suffered tremendous human losses by fighting against overwhelming number of Chinese forces at Jangseungcheon battle: 66 dead, and 105 missing. In spite of such losses, the Turkish force postponed enemies' attacks by striking a huge blow against them, and the Turkish force, hence, bought the time for adjacent units to safely withdraw.

 

Even after 1952 when the fierce Frontline battle was continuing, the Turkish force made a significant contribution by undergoing fierce battles such as Sand castle battle, Nevada battle, and etc; even administrative clerks needed to participate in those battles.

 

As for its sacrificial fights, Turkish forces suffered 3,623 soldiers in total: 721 dead, 2,493 injured, 175 missing, 234 POWs.

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The Forgotten Victory - Philippines

English 2013.07.05 17:27

 

Fought together with a bond of sympathy for freedom,

'Defeat Communist forces'

Philippines

 

 

Philippines, an independent fledgling nation, was in a war with Communist rebellions within its country in 1946, 4 years before the Korean War. At this aspect, Philipppines had a deep bond of sympathy toward South Korea, which was invaded by Communist forces soon after it gained its independence. Philippines aided Korea by dispatching whippets and 4 battalion BGs of 1,400 soldiers, having independent combat capabilities such as artilleries, military engineers, communications, medical services, and etc.

 

 

The day of Sept. 2, 1950 was a meaningful day throughout Philippines' history for holding the first overseas dispatch farewell ceremony. On that day, 60,000 Philippines citizens gathered at Rizal Memorial Stadium and prayed for their fortune of the war for Philippines 10th battalion BG, which was about to be dispatched to help ROK. Transport ship, carrying dispatched troops, headed to ROK under cover from Philipppines destroyers and fighters in echelon. As the 10th battalion arrived at Busan on Sept. 19, Philippines was the third nation, that dispatched land forces, following USA and Britain.

 

10th battalion BG-the very first BG sent out to Korea from Philippines-was evaluated as the best elite troop among 10 troops, which were put into Communist rebellions suppression operation in Philippines. Later, Philippines deployed its 20, 19, 14 BGs alternatively in annual or 9-month basis.

 

 

On Nov. 1950 when UN Force took aggressive actions, the Philippines battalion took a mission to mop-up the North Korean remnants from UN Force's main supply road, connecting Seoul-Pyeongyang-Ahnju. The Philippines battalion destroyed the North Korean remnants-threatened supply routes via battles near Shingae and etc.-by utilizing its specialty; The Philippines battalion had lots of experiences from battles against Communist guerrillas in their nation.

 

In addition, the troop performed a significant exploit at many battles: Yuldong battle, Sinsanri battle, Christmas highland battle, Aeri surprise attack, battles near Mt. Gunja, and etc.

 

Especially in 1951, the 10th battalion with 20th battalion; the 20th battalion won fame for its bravery through fights at Aeri highland against Communist Chinese army on April 1952. At this battle, the troop was a small-scale special force consisted of bersaglieri, scout team, musketry; the special force stroke a huge blow to the Communist army by suprise attacks and successfully accomplished its mission. Fidel Lamos First Lieutenant, a member of the special force, later became the 12th Philippines' president and announced proudly about special relation with Korea built via fights for its freedom.

 

 

The Philippines army defended ROK territory by fighting fiercely against enemies till July 27, 1953 when was the armistice agreement was signed.

In respond to Communists propaganda war saying 'Whites are leading the war in Asia', participation of Philippines in the Korean war took an important role in publicizing the fact that the whole world was aiding ROK for its freedom and peace.

 

Despite of severe cold experienced for its first time, Philippines' army fought against enemies, and as a result it suffered 468 human losses in total: 112 dead, 299 injured, and etc. amongst its participated troops.

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