The 60th Anniversary of the Korean War Armistice Agreement

English 2013.06.21 14:11

The 60th Anniversary of the Korean War Armistice Agreement


The Korean War Armistice Agreement

○ Signed on 27 July 1953
 ● "a complete cessation of hostilities and of all acts of armed force in Korea until a final

    peaceful settlement is achieved"
● Established the Korean Demilitarized Zone and the Military Demarcation Line
● Established the Neutral Nations Supervisory Commission and the UN Command Military

   Armistice Committee
※nK and China withdrew from UNC MAC in 1992

○ Continued violation of the Armistice Agreement by nK
   ● Nuclear tests (2006, 2009, 2013)
   ● Attacking ROKS CHEONAN (2010) and shelling YP DO (2010)
   ● The First and Second Battles of Yeonpyeong (1999, 2002), Gangneung (1996) and

      Yeosu (1998) submarine infiltration incidents
   ● Bombing of Korean Air Flight 858 (1987), an assassination attempt against President  

      Chun at Rangoon, Myanmar(1983)
   ● The Axe murder incident (1976), secret underground tunnels
   ● The Blue House Raid (1968), special operations forces infiltration into Uljin and

      Samcheok (1968)

○ nK declares the Armistice Agreement to be void (5 March 2013)
※unilateral nullification by nK is unacceptable (UN, MOFAT)

Significance of the Korean War Armistice Agreement
○ Communist invasion by nK repelled by ROK and UN forces from 60 countries
○ National security can be ensured only through a strong military and ROK-US alliance
○ Post-war devastation was replaced by unprecedented economic development via a united effort of the Korean people



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