Activities and details on participation of New Zealand

English 2013.07.01 10:53

1. Details on participation in the Korean War

 

New Zealand dispatched two Frigits (Pukaki, Tutira), which were later under the Far East Navy on July 30, as UNSC agreed upon military assistance for Korea. New Zealand decided to dispatch its artillery troops at the end of July as UN Secretary General requested additional ground forces to be sent on July 14th.

Dispatched 16th artillery regiment, in fact, had its strength of a battalion, and 24 25-pound-ordinances it had was similar to US 105mm howitzer. 16th artillery regiment came to participate in the Korean War with warm welcome from citizens, ROKA and US Army after 21 days of sailing from New Zealand (Dec. 10) to Busan, Korea (Dec. 31).

 

 

2. Activities of the Ground Force

 

16th artillery regiment, transferred to Janghowon on Jan. 20. 1951 and was assigned to 27th brigade of the Commonwealth, participated in counterattack operation on Feb. 21. However, 16th artillery regiment had difficulties in transporting ammunition and equipment due to not only narrow roads but also tough topography.

As Chinese army started its attack on April 22, the regiment supporting ROK 6th division safely withdrew and developed at the northeast of Gapyeong by the evening on April 23 even though roads near Sachangri was chaotic by infantries, ordinances, and various TVs due to chase by Chinese troops. The regiment gave tremendous personnel injuries to Community Chinese troops firing 10,000 25-pound-ammo for 3 days as Communist army tried to march toward Gapyeong starting that night.

After 1st Division of the Commonwealth was initiated on July 28, the regiment, which moved to Imjin river and was assigned under the 1st division, came to support 28th brigade of the Commonwealth in first-hand. The regiment also made its record of the largest shell consumption during the war as it fired 72,000 ammo for 6 days in order to support the 28th brigade's attack on Mt. Maryang and 217 highland of Mt. Gowang on Oct. 3. Moreover, on Nov. 4, Chinese troops heavily fired against the 28th brigade in order to retake Mt. Maryang and 217 highland. Then, the regiment supported the 28th brigade in terms of firepower till Mt. Maryang and 217 highland area were covered in gun smoke and fire.

The 16th artillery regiment fired leaflet projective bombs, which contain leaflets, cartoons, and etc., several times as a means of supporting psychological warfare on Feb. 1952 when was in a lull in the fighting. Also, on Oct. 23, the regiment fired 500,000th 25-pound-shell in the process of supporting Canada 25th brigade attack on Mt. Gowang. Furthermore, it supported ROK 1st division to take counterattack on Nori and Baeti highland by firing 3,400 ammo on Dec. 11.

At the end of Jan. 1953, it was given order to support 2nd Division, 9th corp after it was under control of US 2nd Division. Communist Chinese army took a surprise attack, and hence there was a fierce fight for 10 hours over Mt. Gowang. At the time, the regiment contributed on 9th regiment defending Mt. Gowang using 4,600 ammo over the area. The regiment supported Britain 29th brigade attack at Hooke highland-located on the West of Samicheon-for a whole month of May. Furthermore, it also supported ROK 1st division in terms of firepower on June 25. Consequently, this battle was recorded as the last battle of 16th artillery regiment in the Korean War.

 

3. Activities of the Navy

 

Two Frigits (Pukaki, Tutira) under command of the Far East Navy operated its mission-to protect transporting ships to Busan every evening and then return to Sasebo next morning-from Aug. 1. 1950 to early Sept. Also, during Operation Chromite, they were assigned to 7th mobility fleet and protected large warships, which were put into the operation.

On the early March of 1951, two Frigits accomplished sea-clearing opertaion by joint operation with two ROK mine sweepers despite of unfavorable conditions for 3 weeks near Baekryong Island such as steep tide difference, dramatic weather, and etc. The Frigits found out 1 enemy coast battery camp while they were patrolling on May. 18. Then, they completely destroyed the camp firing 29 4-inch shells for the first time in the Korean War. 7 crews on Rotoiti fleet also participated in the operation as Britain marine corps took a surprise attack against Seogokri shore batteries on Aug. 25.

Taupo warship was dispatched to the East Sea in the middle of Feb. 1952. As 15 enemy sailboats attacked Yang Island, the East Sea, on 19th, Taupo fired against them and took down 10. However, while it was chasing escaping enemies, Taupo engine room was partially damaged due to converging enemy fire, so that it pulled back with protection given by US battleships.

On April 25, the enemy heavily attacked US mine sweepers with their mortars and artillery barrages. Then, Kaniere battleship, activating in the West Sea in 1953, immediately fired back at enemy shore battery camps and completely took their control. Such achievement shows the finest marksmanship of New Zealand Navy. As the armistice agreement was signed, Kaniere and Habe fleets protected withdrawal of retreating UN commando units as well as put more weight on patrolling around 38 line.

 

New Zealand suffered 23 warriors dead and 79 soldiers injured during the Korean War. It withdrew its Navy on March 1954 as for the Ground Force on November 1955 after the armistice agreement was signed.

 

Posted by LG Innotek

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