The Forgotten Victory - New Zealand

English 2013.07.02 16:29

 

 

Outstanding artillery marksmanship, fire-support to the Commonwealth army on the ground and the sea.

 

                                                                                                      New Zealand

 

"Fire until paints on shells are pilled off due to their own heat!" New Zealand dispatched one artillery battalion of 1,389 soldiers and one Frigit to Korea during the Korean War. New Zealand army had incredible shelling accuracy whether on the ground or the sea. Based on the ability, New Zealand army carried out outstanding fire-support operations at lines where the Commonwealth were positioned.

 

 

 

At the time the Korean War occurred, New Zealand did not have enough RA. However, in spite of the situation, New Zealand announced its will to send out artillery troops, having strength of 1,000 soldiers, newly formed if necessary, as UN Secretary General asked for additional ground forces to be dispatched in July 1950.

 

In order to keep its promise, New Zealand activated a ground force, called K-Force(Korean Force), just for dispatch to the Korean War. Also, it recruited soldiers and exercised artillery training. On Nov, 26, 1950 when training was completed, New Zealand set foundation for dispatch by initiating 16th artillery regiment armed with British 24 25-pound ordinances.

 

 

New Zealand 16th regiment arrived in Korea on Dec. 31, 1950, and the regiment was assigned to 27th corp. of the Commonwealth on Jan. 18, 1951. The 16th regiment took charge of fire support to corps, which did not have their own artillery troops. 27th Corp. had been receiving artillery support from US Army. Then, as artillery troops of the Commonwealth were transferred to the 27th regiment, the 27th regiment started to display stronger combat strength based on smoother communication.

 

The 16th regiment of New Zealand clearly stood out at Gapyeong battle, a fight against Communist Chinese Army, on April. On April 22, even though Middlesex battalion, which was supposed to cover for withdrawal, was under a preemptive attack by Chinese army, the 16th regiment could withdraw and redeployed near Gapyeongcheon without huge loss by its composed fire support and withdrawal operation. On April 23 and 24, the regiment made critical contribution on Australia 3rd battalion withdrawal and Canada 2nd battalion camp defense by firing against Chinese Army, which attacked the troops.

 

 

New Zealand 16th regiment gave tremendous loss to enemies by firing 10,000 25-pound ammo at this battle, which is famous for its anecdote that paints melt and were pilled off due to shells' heat. The regiment received a presidential unit citation by the prsident Lee, Seungman who gave credit for the battle.

 

The regiment took a significant role at Mt. Maryang battle, Jamestown defensive operation, and etc.; the regiment consumed 72,000 shells for 6 days at Mt. Maryang battle, recording the largest shell consumption during the Korean War, and James Town defensive operation took its place when highland battles were in the middle of fierce fight. The regiment also participated in firing leaflet projective bombs, which contain leaflets, cartoons, and etc., as a means of supporting psychological warfare in order to agitate enemies at the end of the war.

 

New Zealand Navy also made a significant contribution based on its outstanding artillery marksmanship at various covering operations, maritime patrol and etc. During train-demolish operation taken on Feb. 1952, Taupo Frigit took down 10 enemy auxiliary boats out of 15 sailboats with its accurate fire.

 

Moreover, Rotoili, Habaeaho, and etc.-participated by turns-showed off its

ability by completely destroying enemy camps despite of attack from enemy sea batteries.

 

New Zealand Army did not have huge loss at the start of the war taking its advantage as artillery troops. However, it suffered total 103 humane losses due to improved counterartillery attack, intense combat situation, and etc. at the end of the war; there were casualties such as 23 soldiers dead, 79 injured, 1 missing, and etc.

Posted by LG Innotek

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