The Forgotten Victory - Canada

English 2013.07.03 14:23

 

Defend strategic islands on the West Sea Contribution on securing MDL

 

Canada evenly dispatched ArmyNavyAir force to the Korean War: an Army infantry brigade of 6,146 soldiers, 3 Navy destroyers, an Air Force AT wing. Especially, Canada Navy made a significant contribution on stabilizing MDL on the West Sea by intense patrol over strategic islands such as Cho, Baekryeong, Yeonpyeong islands and etc.

 

Canada did not have an office of representatives in Korea before the Korean War occured, and this illustrates that it did not have any relationship with Korea up till the war happened. However, as Canada positively agreed to UN's decision to help Korea, it dispatched 3 Navy destroyers to the Far East on July 4, 1950. In addition, Canada sent out Air Force 426 AT wing and 22 pilots who had air battle experiences on 21 of July, and land force battalions on Dec of the same year.

 

 

Since Canada did not have enough troops to dispatch, it had initiated 25th brigade by newly recruiting volunteer soldiers, and it dispatched 2nd battalion, as an advance party, to Korea.

 

Canada 2nd battalion was assigned under 27th brigade of the Commonwealth, and took an important part at battles such as Hongcheon, Gapyeong and etc. from early 1952. Especially at Gapyeong battle, the 2nd battalion defended their assigned highland till the end by firing within positions and fighting hand-to-hand despited of being under converging fire of Communist army. At the time, the battalion received an US presidential unit citation by giving credit for successfully covering withdrawal of ROK 6th division and blocking Communist Chinese attacks. Also, Korean government as well praised those who fought battles courageously by establishing participant monument for Canadian battalion located on 677 highland. Canada 2nd battalion joined with main force of Canada 25th brigade on June; Canada 25th brigade arrived at Busan, Korea on May, 1951.

 

The 25th brigade performed a brilliant exploit in DickerClaymoreCommando operations and etc. which were carried out around Imjin river till Oct. 1951. The brigade secured numerous commanding heights where could take the advantageous position first later on battles. R22eR battalion D company under the brigade drove Communist Chinese army-had overwhelming combat strength-back several times and defended 227 highland at battles near Mt. Gowang. Then, as a result, the company was selected as the best company under the brigade of the Commonwealth.

 

 

Canadian Navy supported Operation Chromite, Jinnampo withdrawal operation, and etc. during the war, and it stroke a huge blow to enemy supply lines by participating train-demolishing operation. After armistice talks took place, Canadian Navy drove enemies back from seizing strategic islands on the West Sea as patrolling around the region such as Baekryeong islands, Yeonpyeong islands and etc. Canadian Navy warships stayed near Baek ryeong island till March 1955 and protected strategic islands on the West Sea from enemies even after the armistice agreement is signed.

 

After Canada Air Force participated in airlift operations under US Air on July 1950, it set a milestone transporting approximately 13,000 soldiers and cargo weighting 3,200 tons without a single accident during 559 shuttle flights till the last flight on June 1954.

 

Canadian miliary successfully accomplished its missions in all areas of ArmyNavyAir Force. However, Canada suffered 312 soldiers dead, 1,212 injured, and 32 missing.

 

 

Posted by LG Innotek

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